goaccess log-format 参数说明

log-format The log-format variable followed by a space or \t for tab-delimited, specifies the log format string.


  • %x A date and time field matching the time-format and date-format variables. This is used when a timestamp is given instead of the date and time being in two separate variables.
  • %ttime field matching the time-format variable.
  • %ddate field matching the date-format variable.
  • %vThe server name according to the canonical name setting (Server Blocks or Virtual Host).
  • %eThis is the userid of the person requesting the document as determined by HTTP authentication.
  • %hhost (the client IP address, either IPv4 or IPv6)
  • %rThe request line from the client. This requires specific delimiters around the request (single quotes, double quotes, etc) to be parsable. Otherwise, use a combination of special format specifiers such as %m%U%q and %H to parse individual fields.
    • Note: Use either %r to get the full request OR %m%U%q and %H to form your request, do not use both.
  • %mThe request method.
  • %UThe URL path requested.
    • Note: If the query string is in %U, there is no need to use %q. However, if the URL path, does not include any query string, you may use %q and the query string will be appended to the request.
  • %qThe query string.
  • %HThe request protocol.
  • %sThe status code that the server sends back to the client.
  • %bThe size of the object returned to the client.
  • %RThe “Referer” HTTP request header.
  • %uThe user-agent HTTP request header.
  • %DThe time taken to serve the request, in microseconds.
  • %TThe time taken to serve the request, in seconds with milliseconds resolution.
  • %L The time taken to serve the request, in milliseconds as a decimal number.
  • %^Ignore this field.
  • %~Move forward through the log string until a non-space (!isspace) char is found.
  • ~hThe host (the client IP address, either IPv4 or IPv6) in a X-Forwarded-For (XFF) field.


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